Living under Sharia Law

French translation of royal declaration of 1864 affirming that the Jews would be treated as equals under the law, with justice and impartiality, and that anyone mistreating them would be prosecuted.  Translated in 1935, this document is found in the office of the Jewish community of Tangiers.

Under Islam, Jews were considered dhimmis, a protected but disdained people. Within certain limits, Islamic law allows the free exercise of Judaism and gives Jews the right to practice their traditions, hold property, govern their community and enforce their own civil law system. Under the rules governing  dhimmis, Jews must recognize Islamic sovereignty, show respect for Islam, exercise their religion discretely, refrain from proselytizing, pay special taxes and wear special clothing. These rules were rarely applied to the letter, although they remained the law until the French and the Spanish made Morocco their Protectorates in 1912.